Upper tract respiratory symptoms such as sneezing, coughing, sore throat, runny and blocked nose are common among athletes during heavy training and competition. This review focuses on the aetiology of upper respiratory symptoms, mucosal immunity, the role of the gut and airway microbiomes and the use of probiotics and prebiotics to maintain athlete health.
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Reference: Colbey C et al. Upper Respiratory Symptoms, Gut Health and Mucosal Immunity in Athletes. Sports Med 2018; 48(Suppl 1): 65-77.