prebiotics

Probiotics and NAFLD

This review assessed the efficacy of probiotics, prebiotics or synbiotics in the management of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). A total of 1309 patients with NAFLD from 25 studies (11 probiotic, 9 prebiotic and 7 synbiotic) were included in the meta-analysis. All three treatments combined significantly reduced BMI (-0.37 kg/m2), hepatic alanine aminotransferase (−6.9 U/L), aspartate …

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Gut microbiota in nutrition and health

Human gut microbiota plays a key role in disease, nutrition and health. Antibiotics, medications and specific food ingredients influence the composition and diversity of the gut microbiota. Targeting the gut microbiome with probiotics, prebiotics or dietary fibre is beneficial for human health. The analysis of 22 systematic reviews (313 trials, 46 826 participants) showed that …

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Upper respiratory symptoms in athletes

Upper tract respiratory symptoms such as sneezing, coughing, sore throat, runny and blocked nose are common among athletes during heavy training and competition. This review focuses on the aetiology of upper respiratory symptoms, mucosal immunity, the role of the gut and airway microbiomes and the use of probiotics and prebiotics to maintain athlete health.   …

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