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Gut microbiota in nutrition and health

Human gut microbiota plays a key role in disease, nutrition and health. Antibiotics, medications and specific food ingredients influence the composition and diversity of the gut microbiota. Targeting the gut microbiome with probiotics, prebiotics or dietary fibre is beneficial for human health. The analysis of 22 systematic reviews (313 trials, 46 826 participants) showed that …

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Probiotics for recurrent abdominal pain

The effect of dietary interventions for recurrent abdominal pain in 1453 children aged between 4 and 18 years was assessed in the Cochrane systematic review of 19 randomised controlled trials. Thirteen studies (1017 children) investigated the effect of probiotics compared to placebo, four studies (299 children) were trials of fibre-based interventions, one study (34 children) …

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