Industry News

The microbiome and its links with health and disease is a growing area of research. As we become increasingly aware of the role of our microbiota and its influence on digestion, immunity, mental health, weight and performance, the papers and articles discussing this topic appear almost daily.

Here, we summarise some of the latest reviews and news.

Gut microbiota in nutrition and health

Human gut microbiota plays a key role in disease, nutrition and health. Antibiotics, medications and specific food ingredients influence the composition and diversity of the gut microbiota. Targeting the gut microbiome with probiotics, prebiotics or

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Upper respiratory symptoms in athletes

Upper tract respiratory symptoms such as sneezing, coughing, sore throat, runny and blocked nose are common among athletes during heavy training and competition. This review focuses on the aetiology of upper respiratory symptoms, mucosal immunity,

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The MiBioGen consortium initiative

Recently, the MiBioGen (microbiome genome) consortium initiative was announced with the aim to gain a better understanding of the gut microbiome role as a mediator between genetic predisposition and health or disease in humans. The

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Probiotics and acidosis in healthy children

A review of five randomised controlled trials from 2005 to 2017 with 544 healthy infants (one day to 12 months of age) showed that D-lactic acid producing probiotic bacteria and fermented infant formulas did not

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Gut metabolome and abdominal obesity

The associations of metabolic products derived from gut microbes with age, obesity, host genetics and gut microbiome composition were investigated in the faecal samples of 786 predominantly female twins from the TwinsUK cohort (a national

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Gut microbiome development in neonates

Various factors influence the gut microbiome development in neonates during prenatal, perinatal and postnatal periods, including maternal diet and lifestyle, mode of birth, feeding, antibiotic use and length of gestation. The reciprocal relationship between gut

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Probiotics and metabolic health in pregnancy

The effect of probiotics and metabolic health in pregnancy on glucose and lipid metabolism in healthy and obese pregnant women and women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) was evaluated in the meta-analysis of 10 randomised

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Gut microbiome and brain

Bidirectional communication between the gut microbiota and brain plays a key role in maintaining brain health. This review focused on the mechanism of this interaction and modulatory role of the gut microbiota in brain-related pathological

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