Probiotics and antibiotic use
The antibiotic use with Infants and children who received probiotics to reduce the risk of acute respiratory tract infections, acute lower digestive tract infections or acute otitis media have a 29% lower relative risk of being prescribed antibiotics (RR=0.71, 95%CI 0.54-0.94, P=0.02, 3953 participants, 12 randomised control trials).
The probiotic interventions included Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium strains.
Link: View the Study
References: King S et al. Does probiotic consumption reduce antibiotic utilization for common acute infections? A systematic review and meta-analysis. Eur J Public Health 2018; doi: 10.1093/eurpub/cky185.