Month: June 2018

Upper respiratory symptoms in athletes

Upper tract respiratory symptoms such as sneezing, coughing, sore throat, runny and blocked nose are common among athletes during heavy training and competition. This review focuses on the aetiology of upper respiratory symptoms, mucosal immunity, the role of the gut and airway microbiomes and the use of probiotics and prebiotics to maintain athlete health.   …

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The MiBioGen consortium initiative

Recently, the MiBioGen (microbiome genome) consortium initiative was announced with the aim to gain a better understanding of the gut microbiome role as a mediator between genetic predisposition and health or disease in humans. The meta-analysis of human genome-microbiome association studies includes 18 population-level cohorts from countries in Europe, North America and Asia and 18,965 …

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Probiotics and acidosis in healthy children

A review of five randomised controlled trials from 2005 to 2017 with 544 healthy infants (one day to 12 months of age) showed that D-lactic acid producing probiotic bacteria and fermented infant formulas did not cause D-lactic acidosis in healthy children. The only reported cases of paediatric D-lactic acidosis were in children with short bowel …

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